Mubarak served as Egypt's fourth president starting in 1981 until his removal in what became known as the Arab Spring revolution.
He was jailed for years after the uprising but was freed in 2017 after being acquitted of most charges. The acquittal stunned many Egyptians, thousands of whom poured into central Cairo to show their anger against the court.
Mubarak was born in a rural village in the Nile Delta in 1928. He left behind a complicated legacy as his rule was partly characterised by corruption, police brutality, political repression, and entrenched economic problems.
The former president had long maintained his innocence and said history would judge him a patriot who served his country selflessly.
Al Jazeera's Middle East analyst Yehia Ghanem has more.
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