South African History 1652 -1902 Culminating in the Anglo Boer War & Battle at Spion Kop

Published

Online history video on the battle of Spion Kop, the bloodiest battle of the Anglo Boer War in South Africa 1899 - 1902, where Winston Churchill reported that up to seven bombs per minute were landing on top of the Spion Kop mountain with massive clouds of orange lydite and that the British soldiers in the trenches were being blown to atoms. Known as the 'Acre of Massacre', it remains the smallest piece of ground on which more men lost their lives in a single battle than any battle fought anywhere in the world… and it is here, witnessing what the human race was capable of, that the seeds of Mahatma Gandhi’s passive resistance took root. Leading up to this moment in history are some of South Africa’s major historical events going as far back as 1652, including:
The arrival of the first settlers in South Africa and the origins of the Afrikaner people
Conflicts in the history of South Africa: 1652 – 1902
Black/White and British/Boer conflicts in South Africa: 1652 – 1902.
The British after burning many Boer farms set up concentration camps where disease was rampant which resulted in 29 000 Afrikaners and over 20 000 black people; men, woman and children dying in these camps.
Presented by South African Military Historian Ray Heron from Spion Kop Lodge and produced by Tekweni TV Productions tekweni@iafrica.com
Video Chapters:
1. Arrival of Jan van Riebeeck 00:00:00
2. 1820 British Settlers 00:02:03
3. Nguni People migrate south from central Africa 00:02:47
4. Khoi People 00:03:37
5.The Great Trek 00:06:15
6. King Dingane and Piet Retief 00:08:37
7. Battle of Blood River (Ncome River) 00:11:06
8. Discovery of Diamonds in Kimberley 00:13:21
9. Anglo Zulu War 00:14:10
10. Discovery of Gold in the Transvaal 00:15:02
11 Transvaal War of Independence 00:15:55
12. Battle of Majuba 00:16:03
13. Discovery of Gold on the Witwatersrand 00:17:28
14. Paul Kruger 00:18:09
15. Cecil John Rhodes 00:18:57
16. Jameson Raid 00:19:23
17. Lord Alfred Milner meets with Paul Kruger 00:22:01
18. Start of the Anglo Boer War 00:24:45
19. First of the Modern Wars 00:27:22
20. Talana – First Battle 00:29:21
21. Siege of Ladysmith 00:29:56
22. General Buller 00:30:28
23. Battle of Colenso 00:31:32
24. Field conditions and British troop movements
for the Relief of Ladysmith 00:34:15
25. Earl of Dundonald 00:36:30
26. Sir Charles Warren at Trichardt’s Drift 00:38:07
27. General Woodgate 00:39:49
28. Major Alexander Thornycraft 00:40:07
29. British troop preparation for the capture of
Spion Kop 00:40:35
30. Battle of Spion Kop 00:44:04
31. Eastern side of Spion Kop 00:47:54
32. Position of British at Spion Kop 00:48:48
33. Winston Churchill 00:49:59
34. British with fixed bayonets storm Boer positions 00:50:31
35. General Woodgate mortally wounded 00:51:35
36. Naval guns fire from Mount Alice 00:52:22
37. General Thornycraft promoted to rank of
Brigadier 00:54:01
38. Trenches 00:54:57
39. Boer General Prinsloo 00:55:55
40. Denys Reitz’s book ‘Commando’ 00:55:59
41. General Botha regroups retreating Boers 00:56:34
42. Robert Riddel leads men to Twin Peaks 00:57:11
43. Boers and British retreat in opposite directions
and Spion Kop considered Boer Victory 00:58:10
44. Battle of Vaal Kranz 00:59:05
45. Battle of Tugela Heights 00:59:21
46. Relief of Ladysmith 00:59:33
47. Fascinating facts of 3 men at Spion Kop 00:59:56
48. Louis Botha becomes first Prime Minster
of the Union of South Africa 01:00:1846. Winston
49. Churchill 01:00:24
50. Mahatma Gandhi serving as a stretcher bearer 01:00:31
51. Acre of Massacre Memorial 01:00:49
52. Burning of Boer Farms 01:02:28
53. Boer Woman and Children taken to camps 01:02:31
54. Block houses built to defeat Boers
(bitter-enders) who continued to fight 01:03:18

Category
Documentaries
Tags
south africa, history, documentary