It also has the second largest population of the continent.
But it has struggled with rising ethnic-based violence and tension in recent years.
Hundreds of civilians were targeted by armed men in the Gimbi district of Ethiopia’s Oromia region, in an attack that began last Saturday.
Witnesses said most of the victims belonged to the Amhara ethnic group.
This mass killing shocked the nation and once again brought global attention to Ethiopia's political and humanitarian crisis.
So, how will the government prevent such attacks?
Tewodrose Tirfe - Chairman of the Amhara Association of America.
Bizuneh Getachew Yimenu - Lecturer in Comparative Politics at the University of Kent.
William Davison - Senior Ethiopia Analyst at the International Crisis Group.
- Subscribe to our channel: http://aje.io/AJSubscribe
- Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/AJEnglish
- Find us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/aljazeera
- Check our website: https://www.aljazeera.com/
#InsideStory #Ethiopia #EthnicViolence