Now Prime Minister and Nobel Peace Prize winner Abiy Ahmed has ordered troops to carry out a final assault against the northern region's government - the Tigray People's Liberation Front or TPLF.
The conflict has forced 43,000 people to seek refuge in Sudan.
So what is needed to end the fighting?
Presenter: Imran Khan
Samuel Getachew - Journalist, The Reporter
Ann Fitz-Gerald -Balsillie School of International Affairs
William Davison - International Crisis Group
N.B.: The Ethiopian government declined Inside Story's request for a representative to join the discussion.
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